Visualizing the ByePhylicia hashtag

So let’s start from the beginning. Unless you have been living under a rock these past few months, you already know Bill Cosby, America’s favorite Dad, has been accused of allegedly drugging and raping 30 women. Yesterday, actress Phylicia Rashad, who played Bill Cosby’s wife on The Cosby Show, came to Bill’s defense.  Phylicia Rashad’s stance illustrates why so many women who are raped don’t report their assaults. It’s a perfect example of rape culture.  Rape culture is a term used to describe an environment in which sexual violence is considered the norm.

Twitter, a micro-blogging platform that allows users to write up to 140 characters, has proven to be a powerful tool uniting people from all over the world.Previous events in national news sparked the hashtags  #Icantbreathe, #Ferguson , and #blacklivesmatter . Current events that dominate the media tend to produce new hashtags, such as #JeSuisCharile .

So it’s no surprise that activists took to twitter and voiced their opinions about rape culture. Using the popular phrase Bye Felicia, from the movie Friday, they amended it with #ByePhylicia.

Here is a visualization of #ByePhylicia I made around 9 am this morning using nodexl, an open source plugin for Microsoft Excel. This visual shows the network of people who were the first to use the #ByeFelicia hashtag. Since the twitter 2.0 api only allows developers 15 minutes to run queries I only searched for 100 users that used the hashtag.

The colors and the shapes represent a different group within the network. Some users are self-looping meaning that no one has responded to their tweets. The size of each node represents how many users responded to that person’s tweets. @danyellecarter has the most responses to her tweets.

byephlyica

Top Hashtags in Tweet in Entire Graph
byephylicia
tweetof2015
billcosby
wendywilliams
girlbye
jesuischarlie
wakeupcall
blackcelebrities
sideeyeingyou
byefelicia
Top Tweeters in Entire Graph Entire Graph Count
insanityreport 266452
felonious_munk 236243
perezhilton 234606
callmedollar 220458
kat_lynd 163113
curlyheadred 156973
shugah 153241
ohnotheydidnt 145700
gurrdygirl 126567
shimmy4yaheart 117372
Top Mentioned in Entire Graph Entire Graph Count
ozchrisrock 13
prestonmitchum 11
hillarycrosley 9
candicebenbow 4
wendywilliams 3
kwestsavali 3
candycornball 3
tyrese 2
thesuperficial 2
theroot 2

Measures of the Graph:

Graph Metric Value
Graph Type Directed
Vertices 111
Unique Edges 105
Edges With Duplicates 0
Total Edges 105
Self-Loops 32
Reciprocated Vertex Pair Ratio 0.013888889
Reciprocated Edge Ratio 0.02739726
Connected Components 43
Single-Vertex Connected Components 24
Maximum Vertices in a Connected Component 25
Maximum Edges in a Connected Component 30
Maximum Geodesic Distance (Diameter) 5
Average Geodesic Distance 2.17574
Graph Density 0.005978706
Modularity 0.759501

Resources:

https://mashe.hawksey.info/2011/09/twitter-network-analysis-and-visualisation-ii-nodexl/

http://econometricsense.blogspot.com/2012/04/introduction-to-social-network-analysis.html

http://www.vox.com/2015/1/8/7513119/phylicia-rashad-cosby-rape

http://everydayfeminism.com/2014/03/examples-of-rape-culture/

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